Tag Archives: legal documents

Formation of Business Entities

calculator-178127_640There is no question that in situations other than personal homestead, it is extremely prudent to hold title to business or investment real estate in the name of a separate entity, and not the owner’s individual name.  Why? If properly set up, a separate entity can protect an individual from personal liability if an accident occurs on the property, certain operating expenses/debts, and other potential perils. Without such protection, an individual’s personal assets could be at risk if a lawsuit ensues and a judgment is issued against the landowner.

With today’s technology, it is easier than ever for an individual to attempt to set up their own business entity.  Forms are readily available on the internet, and the Secretary of State’s office hosts a website allowing for online registration and formation of a business entity.  Unfortunately, more times than not, individuals operating without competent legal assistance tend to choose incorrect or incomplete forms when attempting to document the matter themselves.

In a growing number of situations, individuals are merely filling out the required formation registration on the Secretary of State website. While this procedure may be enough to register the entity and obtain a Certificate of Formation from the State, a fully viable entity has not been formed.   Unless an actual Company Agreement (in the case of an LLC) or Bylaws (in the case of a corporation) are prepared, in addition to other necessary ancillary documents and corporate formalities, the validity of an entity could be easily attacked in the event of a lawsuit.  Opposing counsel would argue that without a full set of entity documents, the entity was in fact operating as a sham. Without the entity protection, the plaintiff would typically execute their judgment against the individual, and the individual’s non-exempt assets.

In order to realize the benefits of owning real estate under a separate business organization, it is critical to document the entity formation fully.  A qualified attorney should be able to assist in an efficient and cost-effective manner.

Contact Rattikin & Rattikin, LLP

Jack Rattikin, Jr., and Jeffrey A. Rattikin—the partners comprising Rattikin & Rattikin, LLP—have a combined 85-plus years of experience in all aspects of commercial and residential real estate law across the State of Texas. The firm continues a tradition of providing the most professional, ethical and up-to-date legal services available in the industry. In response to the growing needs of its clients, the firm has expanded its areas of practice to include a broad range of real estate and transactional services.

We would welcome the opportunity to assist you with your legal needs, and appreciate your interest in the Firm.

Copyright 2016 Jeffrey A. Rattikin, all rights reserved

Good Fences Make Good Neighbors – Boundary Lines and Encroachment Agreements

house-908459_640Misunderstandings regarding boundary lines and fence locations often lead to strained relationships between neighbors. Addressing encroachment issues prior to closing can help ensure that a buyer enjoys a more fulfilling ownership experience.

It is not uncommon for fences to be situated off of a boundary line, especially in older subdivisions. In fact, an argument can be made that it is better for an owner to place a new fence slightly inside the boundaries of his/her lot, so that the neighbor has no right to dictate its location and maintenance. However, human nature dictates that if you give your neighbor an inch, they sometimes take a mile, laying claim to ownership of the strip of land between the fence and the boundary line. Their claim, while typically unenforceable, can still lead to future problems and loss of future contracts.

Who actually owns the fence, and who can control its appearance/location? The brief answer is that the fence is “owned” by the owner (or the predecessor in title) who constructed it, even if it encroaches onto the neighbor’s property. While the fence owner had no right to encroach over the boundary line, that encroachment still does not give the neighbor license to unilaterally move/destroy it. A prudent neighbor should approach the encroacher with evidence of the encroachment (such as a current survey), and reach a resolution of the matter, and head to court if necessary. But exercising a self-help remedy of forcible removal can only lead to future complications.

Typically, a meandering fence was constructed so long ago that it is unclear to either owner which property the fence belongs to. While not foolproof, the parties could rely on the appearance of the fence itself. Usually, a wooden fence owner would construct the fence in such a way that the “smooth” side of the fence faces the owner’s home, and the bracketed support beams face the neighbor. But not always, of course.

Can a property owner lay claim the extra strip of land outside his/her property line and the constructed fence? The theory of adverse possession stands for the proposition that a party who possesses real estate for a significant time can claim ownership of the land, even if they don’t have a deed to it. Although the doctrine is quite popular among those who are encroaching over a boundary line, courts are extremely reluctant to recognize such ownership, especially for platted residential lots and fence issues. And even if viable, adverse possession must be proved up in a court hearing, and a court order obtained. Without a deed or long-term tax payments on the claimed strip, the argument will typically be summarily dismissed.

A prudent buyer under contract to buy a home subject to an offset fence would be prudent to require an agreement from the neighbor as to the property line and rights to move and maintain the fence before closing on the transaction. These encroachment agreements can go a long way to avoid future buyer’s remorse.

Contact Rattikin & Rattikin, LLP

Jack Rattikin, Jr., and Jeffrey A. Rattikin—the partners comprising Rattikin & Rattikin, LLP—have a combined 85-plus years of experience in all aspects of commercial and residential real estate law across the State of Texas. The firm continues a tradition of providing the most professional, ethical and up-to-date legal services available in the industry. In response to the growing needs of its clients, the firm has expanded its areas of practice to include a broad range of real estate and transactional services.

We would welcome the opportunity to assist you with your legal needs, and appreciate your interest in the Firm.

Copyright 2016 Jeffrey A. Rattikin, all rights reserved