fbpx

Condominiums – Ownership of Airspace, and More

condominium-690086_640A condominium represents a completely different animal from its cousins the duplex and the townhome. Differing contract forms and due diligence considerations make a condo deal a bit more sophisticated. A clear understanding of condo regimes will help facilitate a smooth condo transaction.

Residential condominiums differ in concept from all other real property interests. Typically, an owner of a lot owns all rights below, at and above the surface of the property. Ownership extends from the center of the earth up to the heavens above, subject of course, to other rules, laws and easements (for instance, although you may own air rights to the heavens above the surface of your lot, allowing you to build multi-story buildings on your lot if zoning permits, an airplane has a right to cross your airspace pursuant to federal and international law). So if title to property is held and described according to plats and surveys of the surface, how can one owner take ownership of a unit above the unit of another?

The answer lies in the concept of a condominium regime. If an owner of a parcel of land files the necessary paperwork to create a condominium regime, then he or she can build a structure on the land and carve up ownership in that structure into separate units, which may or may not be stacked on top of each other. In essence, it allows a property owner to carve up the airspace above the surface, and sell that airspace separately. A prospective owner of a condo unit must understand that they will not purchase the land underneath the structure; they will be purchasing the interior space of a unit within the structure, typically with a percentage interest in all the common areas shared with other condo owners. The purchaser must read and understand all the rules and regulations of the condo regime which govern the shared ownership of the property and structure.

Contact Rattikin & Rattikin, LLP

Jeffrey A. Rattikin is an AV Pre-eminent rated attorney, Board -Certified in Residential Real Estate Law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization.  Mr. Rattikin has provided transactional legal services to clients across the State of Texas for over 28 years, emphasizing real estate, business and title law.  Mr. Rattikin continues to define new legal frontiers through his incorporation of technology to enhance the attorney-client experience, as evidenced by his firm’s innovative websites www.rattikinlaw.com and www.texaslegaldocs.com.

Selling or Buying a Home in a Distressed Market: Shortcuts Can Only Lead to More Trouble

Today’s market environment has made it extremely difficult for sellers and buyers of real estate to consummate a transaction under normal procedures. Due to a severe drop in employment rate, tighter lending standards by mortgage companies, and the lingering effects of the recession on all aspects of the U.S. economy, sellers and buyers are resorting to alternative ways for a buyer to get into a house they can’t qualify for, or conversely, a seller to get out of a mortgage they can no longer afford.

Continue reading

The New SAFE Act: The Death of Seller-Financing in Texas?

A recent law passed by the Texas Legislature has quietly hit the books, one that promises to have a significant and adverse effect on Texas consumers’ ability to obtain financing for the purchase of residential property. The legislation serves to place further limitations on a prospective purchaser’s financing options, at a time when the current negative banking environment already has severely restricted the viability of real estate transactions.

Continue reading

Clarification/Update on Texas SAFE Act

Some good news: common sense is finally being applied to the implementation of regulatory restrictions on seller-financing.The Texas Land Title Association Department of Government Affairs has just issued this update:

Doug Foster, Commissioner of the Texas Department of Savings and Mortgage Lending, has written that the Department will continue to allow the statutory seller finance de minimis exception, which has long been allowed under Texas statute but had been placed in doubt since the recent passage of the Texas SAFE Act.

Continue reading

Deeds in Texas: It’s the Type that Counts!

One of the most puzzling issues confronting Texas consumers when attempting to document a real estate transfer is deciding which type of transfer deed is appropriate to use. For generations, well-meaning advisors have unknowlingly led their questioners astray by repeating a well-circulated but extremely inaccurate mantra: In order to transfer title to real estate, the seller should give the buyer a quitclaim deed, often mispronounced a quickclaim or quick claim deed. On innumerable occasions, consumers have contacted my office asking for such a document, claiming that the county clerk’s office at the courthouse advised them to utilize this document. And the bad advice is not limited to just the non-attorney public. Many, many divorce lawyers and probate lawyers routinely subject their clients to potential title issues by including quitclaim deeds in their work product. How such misinformation and misuse has become so widespread is a mystery; however, Texas law is very clear that in most instances, a quitclaim deed is not appropriate, and could lead to future problems.

Continue reading

MINERAL RIGHTS AND REAL ESTATE PURCHASES: A BREEDING GROUND FOR CONTRACT DISPUTES

No issue has given rise to as many contract disputes in North Texas in recent years as the effect of Barnett Shale development on real estate transactions. For decades, real estate practitioners in North Texas rarely considered mineral rights when negotiating and drafting contracts for sale. However, the rapid rise in the value of mineral rights resulting from the financial success of Barnett Shale drilling, coupled with the increased awareness of the public with respect to minerals, has led to a sometimes heated negotiation over post-closing mineral rights. Continue reading